Monday, 27 April 2015

Create user defined substring functions

In many interviews we may asked to substring() a string without using substring function from String class. Below are the simple code how we can write our own substring functions similar to String class functions.


public class MyStringOp {

 public static void main(String[] args) {
  
  String str = "Java Discover";
  
  MyStringOp obj = new MyStringOp();
  
  System.out.println(obj.mySubstring(str, 5));
  
  System.out.println(obj.mySubstring(str, 0,4));
 }
 
 public String mySubstring(String str, int start){
  
  if(start > str.length()) 
   throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(); 
  
  String newStr = "";
  char[] ch = str.toCharArray();
  
  for(int i=start;i<str.length();i++){
   newStr = newStr + ch[i];
  }
  return newStr;
 }
 
 public String mySubstring(String str, int start, int end){
  
  if((start > end) || (start > str.length()) || (end > str.length())) 
   throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(); 
  
  String newStr = "";
  char[] ch = str.toCharArray();
  
  for(int i=start;(i<str.length() && i<end);i++){
   newStr = newStr + ch[i];
  }
  return newStr;
 }
}




OUTPUT:


Discover
Java


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Wednesday, 22 April 2015

Simple Factory Design Pattern class

Lets design simple Factory Design Pattern example with code, like how to design a Factory class and how to get objects from factory. 

Consider the scenario that showroom needs application to access their various Car details through online. Like Car1 runs on Petrol and gives mileage upto 28 KM/L and Car2 runs on Diesel and gives mileage upto 24 KM/L. 
Lets create simple Factory Class to create car objects based on parameter information's.

AANND



public interface Car {
 public String getCallDetails();
}



public class Alto implements Car{

 public String getCallDetails() {
  return "Alto runs on Petrol and gives mileage upto 18 KM/L";
 }
}



public class Swift implements Car{

 public String getCallDetails() {
  return "Swift runs on Diesel and gives mileage upto 24 KM/L";
 }
}



public class CarFactory {

 public static Car getCar(String carName){
  
  Car car = null;
  
  if(carName.equalsIgnoreCase("alto")){
   car = new Alto();
  
  }else if(carName.equalsIgnoreCase("swift")){
   car = new Swift();    
  }
  
  return car;
 }
}



public class ShowRoomApplication {

 public static void main(String[] args) {
  
  Car car1 = CarFactory.getCar("alto");
  String details = car1.getCallDetails();
  System.out.println(details);
  
  Car car2 = CarFactory.getCar("swift");
  details = car2.getCallDetails();
  System.out.println(details);
  
  
 }
}



Output:


Alto runs on Petrol and gives mileage upto 28 KM/L
Swift runs on Diesel and gives mileage upto 24 KM/L

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